ARCHITECT OF TAJ MAHAL
The underground vault of Taj Mahal is placed in a correctly laid out walled garden, whose entry is through an exhibition area. The Taj’s architectural compound comprises of five main essentials such as the Masjid or mosque, Darwaza or main gateway, Naqqar Khana or rest house, Rauza or the tomb and Bageecha or garden..
The Mughal style seen in the Taj Mahal is a combination of Islamic, Persian, and Central Asian architectures. The fact is that the mosque has been constructed only to render symmetry to the work and this is the reason, it is set far away so that it just borders the mausoleum. in reality, the complete riverside podium is the courtyard of the mosque with the tomb, at its centre. The massive entrance gate has arched central chamber, which is located at the end of the extensive watercourse and is so majestic that in any other situation it would be in its own right, a monument.
The Taj is positioned on an elevated stage, which is square shaped, measures 186 x 186 feet, has four condensed curves bestowing upon it the shape of an uneven octagon. The architectural design applies the interconnecting arabesque idea in which every element stands on its own and at the same time, totally assimilates with the central building. The four graceful and slender minarets, which are 162.5 feet in height, are set symmetrically around the tomb and are balanced down to strengthen the outcome of the main, somewhat bulging dome. The middle dome of the Taj Mahal is 58 feet in width and goes up to 213 feet height. Further, it is surrounded by four additional domed chambers.
The tombs of Shah Jahan and his beloved Mumtaz Mahal are located in an indistinguishable burial vault and on top of them are the false tombs, which are placed in the main chamber. This was a widespread practice in the mausoleums, which were constructed throughout the Mughal era. Through the delicately cut marble screens, light penetrates into the central chamber and there is an echo in this high-domed chamber, which is worth hearing.