The Fatehpur Sikri is a city situated around 38 Km away from Agra. This city has its roots deep within the history as it was built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1571 to 1585. The city has some monuments having much importance in history. This place was built blending both Hindu and Islamic architecture and therefore reflecting the renowned religious tolerance of Akbar. The tourists are sure to enjoy watching this beautifully built city.
As history tells us, this city was built in honor of a Sufi Saint Salim Chisti. The story goes like this, Akbar though had many wives, did not have an heir to his throne. Thus he went on pilgrimage and met this Sufi Saint Salim CHisti. The saint blessed king with an heir and therefore to remember this blessing he named the baby after the saint itself as Salim. The blessed baby went on to become Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Later Akbar even shifted the capital of his empire to Fatehpur Sikri from Agra as a respect of the saint. He created a new syncretism religion known as Din-i-Illahi.
The foundation of Fatehpur Sikri started at the beginning of 1570 and was completed almost 15 years later. Many impressive monuments and structures can be found in this red-sandstone built city like the Buland Darwaza, Panch Mahal, the Jama Masjid, the life sized chess board and the tomb of Salim Chisti. All the monuments situated here, share coherent beauty which helped the city to be recognized as world heritage by UNESCO.As it is very near to Agra, tourists can watch all the beauty situated here without wasting more days.
However, after the King Akbar died, this city was abandoned due to lack of water.
Here are some things you should look for if you visit the city.
Diwan-e-Khas: it is a very beautifully crafted tall vaulted room with carved pillars.
Panch Mahal: A five-storied structure built in pyramidal fashion probably used by ladies in the court.
The Buland Darwaza: A huge gateway with height about 54 m. which was built to memorize King Akbar’s victory over Gujarath.