INSIDE THE TAJ MAHAL
The Crown of Persia’s inner nature is splendidly impressive as it looks from the main gateway, made of Blackstone with a perfect symmetry adorned with Hindu motifs in uniformity with style. Taj Mahal’s main gateway also known as Darwaza-i-Rauza or "gate of the mausoleum" by the architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri,is more than 900 feet away from the main entrance. The main gateway is indeed no less stunningly beautiful when you tried to look at it by far. Not-to-mention, its radiant sight consisting -of mosque, the guest house on the sides and the main mausoleum in the centre with four minarets, which are 138 feet high on opposite sides. When one reaches the open square before the main gateway, emerges out of the shadows that is slowly growing. It is perfectly designed hall of 24 feet to a side, with two tiers of eight tall niche doorway in the shape of a roundly tapered end of a two-dimensional or three-dimensional object called ‘iwan’ that rises till the mid-height of the structure. All eight niches are ornamented with flower patterns followed by multi-cusped blind arches. The niches are topped by inlaid flowers within the frames of the inscriptions while the niches on the second floor have only the blind arches and rectangular frameworks.
The Architect skillfully manipulated making the pilasters appear fluted to produce illusionary effect. Other than that, an optical illusion is brilliantly at play in most of the facade. As the size of the letters increased, in such a way it all seems consistent all over the arch from top to bottom. It was done by gradually increasing the size of the letters in a pre-calculated manner as your eyes could go further away from it. The diminishing effect of the plain surfaces has been proven to be accurate. Thus, the optical perspective of the letters has been reconciled, and unmistakable uniformity is obtained. This has been rumored that Taj to be rising in the sky as it is in a state of lightness and insubstantial quality. The reason for this is the colossal height of the tomb, along with its pyramidal appearance. It is obtained by the pulling away plinths, the square tomb and the bulb-shaped dome, along with the pilasters surmounted by pinnacles, and the decreasing volume and thickness of the dome. Also, part of this gateway are octagonal towers that stand on the corners and are surmounted with broad and open domed kiosks and a Heavy door made up of eight different metals at the base that are adorned with knobs. On a Hindu touch, the exquisite calligraphists are top topped by a large dome and a finial. The main chamber house is formed with black marble inlaid in white, the floor. Making the longest echoes of any building in the world that can be heard.
There lie the false sarcophagi of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, paved in a geometrical pattern consisting of octagonal stars alternating with cruciform shapes. Irises, Daffodils, and Narcissus filled in opulent vases appear everywhere. There lots of interesting features that are found around the cenotaphs such as the intricately carved marble screen or jail. Twining vines, fruits, and flowers made of semi-precious stones where inlaid delicately to the rest of the surface. The radiating corridors connects the ground floor, beneath the central chamber are the actual graves. The cenotaphs have diverse streamers to follow Muslims traditions. Furthermore, it is engraved with passages from the Holy Quran, promising God's mercy and forgiveness, ninety nine beautiful names of Allah can be found as calligraphic inscriptions on the sides of the actual tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. The cenotaph of Shah Jahan that was added much later is bigger than the cenotaph of his wife and is more simplistically decorated than his cenotaph above. Although the same designs appear on the sides of the sarcophagus elements, they are smaller in size. Coming out of such elaborately designed structure as Taj is like coming out of an era that had gone by, an era that added to the world in more than one way, an era that has been kept alive by the wonder that is Taj Mahal.