MAKING OF TAJ MAHAL
The history behind Taj Mahal highlights the ardor of adore. This luminous creation in marble is based on a real romantic story that started when Khurram the Prince of Agra, who was son of Jahangir, the Mughal ruler and grandson of Mughal emperor Akbar noticed a girl called Arjmand Banu Begam, who was exceptionally attractive, while wandering through the Agra bazaar. This incident took place in 1607, when both of them were 15 years old and it was love, at first sight for them. Ever sine then, it became the dream of Khurram, to marry Arjmand Banu Begam. They did get married but before Khurram’s ambition could turn into reality, for political reasons, he had to marry first a Persian Princess. Thus, his adored had to reconcile in his harem, for the role of second wife.
However, in the prince’s heart Arjmand Banu Begam was forever first. in fact, even before he became the King, he did change her name from Arjmand Banu Begam to Mumtaz Mahal, which meant the most gorgeous queen of the palace. According to a story, once Shah Jahan was occupied in a war, there he missed his wife to such an extent that he wrote a poem to her that stated when his body and mind wished for her, his spirit flamed and he died but her love then came from distance and revived into his dead body. War was the only time, when he had to go away from her. However, afterwards even conflict could not separate them, as Mumtaz started to go along with Shah Jahan to the battlefield, even when she was expecting. in 19 years of marriage, she became mother of 14 children. Though while giving birth to their 14th child in Burhanpur, which was far from Agra, she died cause of complications. After much endeavor, her lifeless body was brought to Agra, where it was obscured at the present location in Taj Mahal.
Mumtaz Mahal asked for four promises from her husband, as she lay dying. The first promise being that Shah Jahan would build the Taj, second that he should tie the knot again, third was he would love their children, and fourth was he would visit her tomb every year on her death centenary. After her death for seven days, the emperor did not eat anything. On the eight day, he came out of his cavity and the servants and guards were all shocked, to see that his hair had changed from black to grey. Shah Jahan was wearing white sorrow clothes and he ordered the construction of the most striking mausoleum, in the memory of his beloved wife. The material selected was unadulterated white marble, which symbolized his remembrance of her.
in 1631, the building of the Taj began in which, twenty thousand people worked continuously under the guidance of the master architect, who was an Iranian named Istad Usa. It is possible, this Iranian artist carried out the beautiful pietra dura work, in the Taj. in the year 1648, the construction of the magnificent mausoleum came to an end, which was mirrored, by a clear false pond in the front and the lined up blue Yamuna River flowing behind it and thus, the matchless monument was named the Taj Mahal. in this way, Shah Jahan kept the first promise very seriously.
in 1666, when Shah Jahan lay on his death divan his last desire was to be kept near window, which faced the Taj Mahal so that he could look at the monument and murmur repeatedly, the name of mumtaj begum. Centuries have passed yet the Taj Mahal remains, as a proof of the eternal love that existed between Shah Jahan and his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.