PUSHKAR AND ITS HISTORY
Pushkar has a rich cultural and historical heritage. The history of Pushkar states its significance and importance, down the centuries of the history of India.Located in the beautiful state of Rajasthan, Pushkar is one of the oldest cities in India and is popular for the annual cattle fair, Pushkar Lake and numerous temples.
According to legend, Lord Brahma created the town and he also performed penance here for almost 60,000 years in order to have a glimpse of Lord Vishnu.As per the history of Pushkar, Brahma was searching for a place for Mahayagna and he found the town suitable. Later on, Brahma came to know that a demon named Vajranash was killing people and so the Lord chanted some mantra on a lotus flower and threw it, which killed the demon. The Pushkar Lake,according to history was created from the petals of the lotus flower, which Lord Brahma had thrown.The mythological importance makes the Pushkar Lake, a hugely religious place for pilgrims.
After Brahma killed the demon, he performed a yagna, to safeguard the town of Pushkar from demons. Saraswati, who was the consort of Brahma was required to offer Ahuti for the yagna but since she was not there at the time,he married agurjar (local tribe) girl named Gayatri, who then performed the yagna. This deed made Saraswati the first wife of Brahma, very angry and she cursed her husband that he would be worshipped only in Pushkar. This is the reason, that the Jagat Pita Shri Brahma Temple in Pushkar is the only temple in India, where Lord Brahma is worshipped.
The history of Pushkar becomes richer from the fact that it finds mention in both, the Ramayan and Mahabharata. In the Ramayan, it is written that Vishvamitra performed tapa in Pushkar andApsaraMenaka came to the town to bathe in its holy waters. In the Mahabharata, it is stated that the travel schedule of Maharaja Yudhishthara would include a bathe, in the sacred waters of Pushkar.
Pushkar and its history states that it was an important place, during the Mughal reign in India, as it was the favorite place of residence of several Mughal rulers. Later on, Pushkar was captured by the British rulers and it became one of the very few states in Rajasthan, which was directly ruled by the British. All this shows that throughoutthe history of Pushkar, the town has remained a significant and important place and remainseven now; as it attracts a large number of religious pilgrims and tourists every year.